Anthony Thieme was born on February 20, 1888 in Rotterdam, Holland. As a young man, he had a disagreement with his parents over his decision to pursue a career in the arts. He studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in The Hague, Holland under George Hacker; Garlobini, Guardaciona; and Mancini in Italy. He also studied in Germany. He traveled and worked in Europe for a few years before coming back to the United States.
In the 1920's he emigrated to the United States, initially residing in New York City where he painted Broadway backdrops, and eventually setting up studios in Rockport, Massachusetts and St. Augustine, Florida, seasonally moving from one to the other.
Known as a genre painter he did landscapes including farms, and Paris scenes; his best known works are of boats, fishermen, and harbors, reflecting his Northern and Southern studios in coastal towns.