Not very well known in his own day, Italian fresco painter Antonio Allegri, known more commonly as Correggio, would earn a reputation as a progressive artist whose existing works depict early hints of Romanticism, Mannerism, Rococo and the Baroque. Additionally, his paintings were significantly more sensuous and dramatic than those of his contemporaries, and used remarkably different styles of perspective and composition, all of which have contributed to his ongoing popularity across the centuries.
Born in 1494 in the small town of Correggio, from where he took his professional name, he would spend most of his life in the city of Parma, becoming the most prominent of the Parma school of painters. Little is known of his training, except for a few years of apprenticeship with Francesco Bianchi Ferrara in Modena, from which he returned to Correggio for a period of four years. After that time he earned commissions in Parma, and would remain in the city for the rest of his life.
There are few easel paintings by Correggio in existence, and his primary focus seems to have been mural and fresco works. He would become most distinguished within his own time for his use of light, but later generations would find his experimentations with illusion, his eclectic style, and his subject matter of great interest and inspiration. Though he never took on any formal apprentices during his career, several generations of Italian painters following Correggio were greatly influenced by his works, including Parmigianino, and Rondani.
His murals are still among the most popularly visited sites in Italy, and he ranks among the Masters of Italian painting.