A painter of the Fauvist school, Henri Manguin did not initially rely on the brilliant colors and bold brush strokes of the Fauves (wild beasts) for his landscapes and portraits. Studying under Gustave Moreau at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts he befriended Henri Matisse and others while copying Renaissance art in the collections of the Louvre. Life in Paris also exposed him to the work of the Impressionists, whose reliance on a strongly pastel palette influenced Manquin's early work.
After his marriage in 1899 he relied heavily on his wife and family to serve as his models, and began exhibiting in the Salons of 1902. His later work focused on landscapes of the Mediterranean and southern European areas, and are the works that reveal his strongest Fauvist influences.
He was particularly taken with Saint-Tropez, whose lush gardens and tropic beauty inspired much of his later work. He would return to the small village on the southern coast of France often, leaving Paris in 1949 to make his final journey to Saint-Tropez, where he would die later that same year.