German-born Henry Raschen is an American painter most well-known for his portraits of Native Americans produced during the late 1800's and early 1900's. He was an important early California artist and the only one who dedicated the majority of his time to representing Native Americans in paintings.
His family arrived in Fort Ross, California in 1868, subsequently deciding to settle in San Francisco. Raschen undertook his art education in his adopted city, studying under Charles Nahl and Virgil Williams at the San Francisco Art Association.
Henry Raschen studied abroad including travelling back to Germany to study in Munich during the 1870's. He returned to San Francisco in 1883 and travelled extensively throughout the Southwest and California, painting individuals from among the Native American tribes he encountered.
His portraits were known for their incredibly lifelike quality and were well-received and the subject of much interest in his time.
He continued to work in San Francisco, leaving for a time to teach in Munich, until the earthquake of 1906. After the earthquake, he relocated to Oakland where he lived and worked for the remainder of his life. His works are considered important both as artwork and as a visual history of the Native Peoples of the American West.