A German-born artist strongly associated with the Hudson River School of landscape artists, Johann Hermann Carmiencke was a respected artist in his time. He was given the position of court painter to Christian VII, King of Denmark in 1846. He moved among some of the most significant figures of the time, including forging a friendship with Hans Christian Anderson.
He was driven from Denmark in 1851 by a political situation that resulted in a great deal of hostility toward Germans due to the recent war between the two nations. He opted to travel to America, establishing himself in Brooklyn.
Johann Herman Carmiencke was, first and foremost, a European artist and this expressed itself in much of his work. He was a avid painter of nature, drawn to pain in the Adirondacks and the Catskills. His paintings from those places and those composed while looking out the window of his Brooklyn studio have many of the definitive characteristics of the Hudson River School while still exhibiting Carmiencke's strongly European background in education and in their execution.
He founded the Brooklyn Academy of Design and was active in the major art societies of his time. He lived out the end of his life in Brooklyn.