Thomas Buttersworth, Sr. (1768 - 1842)
It is not often that paintings or artistic renderings of battle scenes are based on the eyewitness accounts and first hand experiences of the artist, but many of the paintings of Thomas Buttersworth are accurate examples of those events. He is known for his maritime images, especially battle scenes and formal portraits of ships. He was a mariner himself for much of his life, during the Napoleonic Wars with France he was injured and in 1800 arrived back in England.
From that point on his work was primarily commission portraits done for the East India Company. The work they required were formal portraits of ships in their line. Any other scenes painted during his years of land duty would be those he recalled from his time at sea.
He worked in oil, watercolor and charcoal. His work was not frequently displayed during his lifetime, and in fact some of his paintings were mounted on sheets from signal and muster books of the late 1700s. His work is currently on display at several museums throughout the world, including locations in Australia and the United States.