The state of California was the landing place for many artists who found the atmosphere and scenery of the entire region suitable to their artistic style. The areas of San Francisco, Carmel and Monterey, Santa Barbara, Los Angeles, Laguna Beach and San Diego would be quickly settled as thriving art colonies.
In the late nineteenth century, French Impressionism had made its way into the American art scene and by the twentieth century it had been adapted and modified into a new style known as American Impressionism. California artists would take this another step farther, creating a style referred to as California Impressionism.
While using the brush work and brilliant palette of traditional Impressionism, they added the brilliant light and vigorous environment of the California region. Many of the predominant painters of the informal "school" were trained in Europe and in East Coast art schools, and were well aware of all the finest examples of the Impressionist style, which they would then apply to their unique art.
The weather and conditions in California were incredibly conducive to the "en plein air" technique used by Impressionists, and many California artists would take frequent excursions into the hills and deserts, and along the rocky coasts and sandy shores to capture their subjects.
Well known members of this "school" include Granville Redmond, William Wendt, Guy Rose, Maurice Braun, Euphemia Charlton Fortune, Henrietta Shore and Hanson Puthuff. Many of the California Impressionists would be included in the Panama-Pacific International Exposition of 1915, which took place in San Francisco and was intended to demonstrate the city's recovery from the catastrophic earthquake and fires of 1906 as well as to serve as a global gathering of modern and contemporary artists.
A remarkable number of important groups and associations developed from the California art scene, many of them created by the Impressionist painters. Several of them opened schools of their own and further perpetuated the style.